This paper intends to understand how the essence of art is in the cultural context of a society. Understanding of the nature of art in the cultural context is absolutely necessary, so that researchers can correctly address the arts that will later become objects in their research. For this reason the issues to be discussed are the notions of: culture, art and the nature of art in society.
In everyday terms we often hear people talking about culture, but what they mean by culture is art. There are some people who admire certain dances, certain traditional clothes, traditional architecture, performing arts; or there are also people who are fascinated by oil paintings, poetry readings or regional songs. Then they immediately assessed: “What a great cultural society.” Of course the use of cultural terms there is not wrong, it only needs to be completed; because otherwise culture will only be interpreted narrowly and simply. Then how to make the concept of culture not that narrow.
There is an anthropologist who has modified the concept of culture that departs from the notions that preceded it. He then defines the concept of culture as a whole system of ideas, actions and the work of human beings in the framework of community life that is made the property of humans through the learning process. So almost all human actions are culture, because there are very few human actions in the framework of people’s lives that do not need to be accustomed to learning, namely actions based on instinct, reflexes or blind behavior. Thus it is clear that what is meant by culture is much broader and more complex than art. While art itself is only an element of culture. Other elements are language, knowledge systems, livelihood systems, social organization systems, equipment systems and technology and religious systems. These seven elements are often referred to as the contents of culture, which is a universal element because almost all the people on this earth have these elements; from a very simple to a complex society.
Regarding such cultural boundaries, the explanation that culture is a system of ideas, actions and human works is a cultural perspective outwardly. That is a form of culture. The first form, namely the system of ideas whose contents are ideas, values, norms, rules, customs, rules of etiquette, outlook on life, beliefs, insights and others. This first form is idiotic as well as ideal, abstract, unobservable, intolerable and cognitive; because it’s in the mind of a human head. Whereas the second form is a complex behavior, action or overall human activity. This form can be observed and can be seen and captured by the human senses. While the third form is the work of humans. This form is the most concrete form, because it can be held and visible. He is all objects created by humans such as pins, needles, radios, bridges, cars, houses, computers, satellites, paintings, souvenirs, statues and so on.… Read More
Art is always associated with a culture that has gradually developed in socio-cultural life. As part of the form of culture, it’s no wonder the existence of both of them complement each other. Then what is the meaning of art? Art is referred to as a medium that can be used as a medium to express a sense of beauty that comes from the human soul. Not only that, art can be used to perpetuate the norms and customs of a society so that it will not be eaten easily. So it is not surprising that in addition to referring to the aesthetic side, art is a symbol of the culture of a place. Like talking about Kecak Dance which is closely related to Balinese cultural elements. Dance accompanied by makeup and clothing shows cultural identity that is a requirement for meaning. Art is no longer talking about communication patterns orally or otherwise but includes everything that covers them.
What is art understanding?
Art or art is certainly known by everyone. Even for those of you who are not involved in the art world, you might have done art. Why is that? Because in essence the art of talking about taste. Like the study of science in Europe which means that art or artiality is an item or work from an activity. Making an item without a sense of beauty is not enough to be said as art. We can feel the art of the elements of beauty that are contained in it such as the meaning of art mentioned by Suharto Rijoatmojo, art is everything created by humans to fulfill or show a sense of beauty.
Talking about the meaning of art, we are not only talking about music or dance, but seeing other elements hidden behind the fruit of thinking ability coupled with human physical abilities. As is the case for most artists. According to artists, keseniaan is the result of elements of human culture. Human culture is nothing but taste.
If you intend to look back you will certainly see how far the development of art is happening in Indonesia. As a country known for its cultural heritage, Indonesia has a variety of cultural stories that cannot be mentioned individually. Amid the current progress, how far are the past and modern art differences? First, if early humans make art because it is influenced by the forces around it, modern humans make art from its creator’s purpose which is not infrequently used as a form of personal satisfaction. Second, the magical element is very strong in the arts of the past. This is based on the existence of magical beliefs as a form of human culture such as worshiping nature. It is different with art today which is far more developed and reaches the stage where you can find technological creations and innovations. A review of the meaning of art, hopefully useful.… Read More
Nearly two-thirds of U.S citizens, most of who do not smoke weed advocate for marijuana decriminalization. And now all eyes stay glued to one man; Senate Minority Leader, Chuck Schumer, relative to Amy Schumer (yes, the comedian) and the guy who’s also eyeing the majority leader seat in the oncoming midterm elections. He said it is high time Americans get what they’ve for so long desired— full legalization.
A week ago, Senator Schumer from New York launched a new bill, the Marijuana Freedom and Opportunity Act, to legalize cannabis at federal levels and give states the power to find ways to regulate its use. And this legislation means a lot to the decriminalization movement because Chuck Schumer is so far the highest-ranking voted official ever to propose federal legalization of cannabis.
Schumer said, it is now time to legalize and allow Americans— more so women and micro-business owners, as well as those serving jail terms for simple possession of weed they intended to use for personal recreation—the chance to contribute to today’s economy. According to the Senate minority leader, decriminalization is the “simply right thing to do,” and he is optimistic his approach will earn the bill great bipartisan support in Congress as well as countrywide.
Schumer’s legislation focuses on leveling the playing field for communities that have been affected by current laws on cannabis. If it passes, Grant programs will be launched to offer financial incentives to state governments that help those convicted for petty marijuana offenses to wipe out their records. The bill also plans to provide extra funding to assist to cannabis startups. Plus, women entrepreneurs will get marijuana dispensary funding to explore the cannabis industry.
What’s more, the bill permits all states that have legalized (or are planning to decriminalize) marijuana to go ahead without the risks of prosecution at federal levels. But smuggling from legal to illegal states will remain a federal crime. Schumer’s bill also permits the Department of Treasury to lay down national regulations on cannabis advertising to prevent marketing of cannabis products to children. Another worth mentioning section of the bill is the part that plans to dedicate a whopping $500 million for medical research on marijuana.
Co-sponsoring the Marijuana Freedom and Opportunity Act are Senators Tammy Duckworth (D-Illinois), Tim Kaine (D-Virginia), and Bernie Sanders (I-Vermont). It’s no surprise Sanders is here because he began advocating for decriminalization in the 2016 presidential campaign. It seems like several Senate Democrats have been meeting to discuss the issue for a long time now.
Are we getting nearer to legalization? It should be remembered that just last month, senators Warren (D-Massachusets) and Gardner (R-Colorado) proposed similar bills on marijuana decriminalization.
The bottom line
We are talking nothing less than $132 billion in tax revenue if the Marijuana Freedom and Opportunity Act passes and full legalization becomes effective. Plus over a million new job opportunities across the United States in the coming ten years, as anticipated by the most recent data.
Author Bio: As an … Read More